…To protect the sovereignty of individuals, democracy separates them from one another. And to achieve that, the state sooner or later seeks to break down any relationship or entity that stands in its way. That includes every kind of mediating institution, from fraternal organizations, to synagogues and churches, to the family itself. This is why Alexis de Tocqueville observed in Democracy in America that ‘despotism, which is dangerous at all times, [is] particularly to be feared in democratic centuries’…
Tocqueville saw that the strength of American society, the force that kept the tyrannical logic of democracy in creative check, was the prevalence and intensity of religious belief. Religion is to democracy as a bridle to a horse. Religion moderates democracy because it appeals to an authority higher than democracy itself.
The next morning, the Times carried this:
Of his actual words we have nothing to say. So far as we are aware no reporter made notes at the moment; but the speech, delivered in Esperanto, was a very simple one, and very short. It consisted of a brief announcement of the great fact of Universal Brotherhood, a congratulation to all who were yet alive to witness this consummation of history; and, at the end, an ascription of praise to that Spirit of the World whose incarnation was now accomplished.
So much we can say; but we can say nothing as to the impression of the personality who stood there. In appearance the man seemed to be about thirty-three years of age, clean-shaven, upright, with white hair and dark eyes and brows; he stood motionless with his hands on the rail, he made but one gesture that drew a kind of sob from the crowd, he spoke these words slowly, distinctly, and in a clear voice; then he stood waiting.
There was no response but a sigh which sounded in the ears of at least one who heard it as if the whole world drew breath for the first time; and then that strange heart-shaking silence fell again. Many were weeping silently, the lips of thousands moved without a sound, and all faces were turned to that simple figure, as if the hope of every soul were centred there…
…Of what took place outside we have received the following account from an eye-witness. The white volor, so well known now to all who were in London that night, had remained stationary outside the little south door of the Old Choir aisle, poised about twenty feet above the ground. Gradually it became known to the crowd, in those few minutes, who it was who had arrived in it, and upon Mr. Felsenburgh reappearance that same strange groan sounded through the whole length of Paul’s Churchyard, followed by the same silence. The volor descended; the master stepped on board, and once more the vessel rose to a height of twenty feet. It was thought at first that some speech would be made, but none was necessary; and after a moment’s pause, the volor began that wonderful parade which London will never forget. Four times during the night Mr. Felsenburgh went round the enormous metropolis, speaking no word; and everywhere the groan preceded and followed him, while silence accompanied his actual passage. Two hours after sunrise the white ship rose over Hampstead and disappeared towards the North; and since then he, whom we call, in truth, the Saviour of the world, has not been seen.
…a brief announcement of the great fact of Universal Brotherhood, a congratulation to all who were yet alive to witness this consummation of history…
If you read the story, though, there is no such thing. Everyone is shunted alone. If one becomes seriously injured (physically) one is literally killed by a doctor. It’s seen as an act of mercy to put you out of your misery. One who becomes too old to be productive, but does not go to a doctor to be killed is seen as hopelessly selfish. If one becomes emotionally tired, unwilling to go on, one can just go off to a retreat center and kill oneself. One is left alone to do this.
A character who does this in the book does so because she suddenly realizes that “universal brotherhood” is a sham. Everyone hates everyone and is out for “getting their own”. She had imagined that universal brotherhood would mean everyone loved each other. In fact, what it means is everyone who agrees with the plan gets to hate everyone else. And this appalls her. But she can’t bring herself to imagine the alternative (that God is real and love is Jesus Christ). So she kills herself.
Democracy, at its worst, calls all to demand our rights and posits the state as the only granter and guarantor of those rights. Democracy, on its own, demands individuals orbit around each other and around the state, like so many planetoids around a star, without ever colliding or touching. Love, contrariwise, demand self-emptying, self sacrifice, and a willing of the Good of the other (with explicit definitions of what Good is). Love, too, demands respect, toleration, and diversity. But only as conditions of more sacrifice and willing of the Good of the other.
This is the path of the individual, the one who seeks to avoid all entanglements, and all obligations to a Divine Authority: all other authority is human.
It is this Human Unity that is so dysfunctional. We don’t know “unity” but only hegemony. We only know totalitarianism. There’s no way for us to be united in love apart from Love himself. Sex, by the way, Toleration, and Diversity are not love. These are as scary as Felsenburgh’s declaration of “universal brotherhood”. Such does not exist. There is Agape love (God is Agape) and there is not-love. If it is without God, it is not-love.
Back to my Rosary this morning at Mass. It came to me, praying through the Mystery of the Assumption, that God is unifying us. In our fallen first parents, we are all divided one from the other, and each from God. In Christ, God founded anew our humanity. Christ is the new Adam, the Father of All Mankind, drawing us back together into one. Any force that works against that unity is of the Evil One. Unity, itself (a la Lord of the World) is not the answer: only Unity with God and Neighbor in Agape is the right path.
In Christ, God is reconciling the world to himself. We are drawn to the healing of our divisions, to the healing of our brokenness, to the restoration of our unity in Charity with God and Each Other, in Christ. God’s plan is deceptively simple and made clear on Epiphany as the Magi – representing all of Mankind, bow before the Christ child. The King of the Jews is the King of All Space and Time, of All Places and Peoples. Who does not sow with him does not harvest. Who does not gather in with him, scatters. Who unifies in him, through him, and with him, is healing the world.
In the Catholic Church, all are brought into union – across nations, peoples, class, and political boundaries. We are united in Christ, through his Vicar on Earth, to God the Father. And all are put under subjection to Christ. And when, at last, all is subject to him, he will turn it over to his Father and God shall be all in all.
But it starts, truly, in your heart: in my heart. We cannot divide ourselves. Our soul and body, heart and mind, are one person in God’s image. Our marriage, two becoming one, is one flesh, indivisible and not put asunder by any man. Our parish, united in one around a common table and cup, is one. Our Diocese, united in one around our Bishop is the Church in this place. The Bishops united in one around the Pope are one, the Church in the world. We are one Body of one Christ, one Church: One for the healing of the world, as the Soul is in the Body. We are called to be the leaven in the loaf, the salt, the light: what Christ is to the world so his Church, his body is called to be as well. And in union with Christ, we stand in union with the Father and the Spirit; God and Man united in the act of healing in love.
And all outside are to be loved into this Union with Love Himself.
Anything else, anything less, anything other, any union without this is a missing of the mark.